different between inclination vs character




From Middle English inclinacioun, inclinacyon, from Old French inclination and Latin incl?n?ti?.Morphologically incline +? -ation


  • IPA(key): /?n.kl??ne?.??n/
  • Rhymes: -e???n


inclination (countable and uncountable, plural inclinations)

  1. A physical tilt or bend.
  2. A slant or slope.
  3. A mental tendency.
  4. (geometry) The angle of intersection of a reference plane
  5. (obsolete) A person or thing loved or admired.
    • c. 1672-1679, William Temple, Memoirs
      you make will be a Discovery of your Inclinations
    • c. 1771, John Adams, speaking in a trial
      Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.


  • (slant or slope): incline, inclining, steepness
  • (tendency): leaning, proclivity, propensity

Derived terms

  • inclinational

Related terms

  • inclinable
  • incline
  • inclined plane
  • inclinometer



  • anilinction



Borrowed from Latin incl?n?ti?, incl?n?ti?nem. See also inclinaison.


  • IPA(key): /??.kli.na.sj??/


inclination f (plural inclinations)

  1. inclination (all senses)

Related terms

  • incliner

Further reading

  • “inclination” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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From Middle English caracter, from Old French caractere, from Latin character, from Ancient Greek ???????? (kharakt?r, type, nature, character), from ??????? (kharáss?, I engrave). Doublet of charakter.


  • (General American) IPA(key): /?k??(?)kt?/, /?kæ?(?)kt?/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /?kæ??kt?/
  • Hyphenation: char?ac?ter


character (countable and uncountable, plural characters)

  1. (countable) A being involved in the action of a story.
  2. (countable) A distinguishing feature; characteristic; trait; phene.
  3. (uncountable, countable) A complex of traits marking a person, group, breed, or type.
    • A man of [] thoroughly subservient character
  4. (uncountable) Strength of mind; resolution; independence; individuality; moral strength.
  5. (countable) A unique or extraordinary individual; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits, especially charisma.
  6. (countable) A written or printed symbol, or letter.
    • 1669, William Holder, Elements of Speech
      It were much to be wished that there were throughout the world but one sort of character for each letter to express it to the eye.
  7. (countable, dated) Style of writing or printing; handwriting; the particular form of letters used by a person or people.
  8. (countable, dated) A secret cipher; a way of writing in code.
  9. (countable, computing) One of the basic elements making up a text file or string: a code representing a printing character or a control character.
  10. (countable, informal) A person or individual, especially one who is unknown or raises suspicions.
  11. (countable, mathematics) A complex number representing an element of a finite Abelian group.
  12. (countable) Quality, position, rank, or capacity; quality or conduct with respect to a certain office or duty.
  13. (countable, dated) The estimate, individual or general, put upon a person or thing; reputation.
    • This subterraneous passage is much mended since Seneca gave so bad a character of it.
  14. (countable, dated) A reference given to a servant, attesting to their behaviour, competence, etc.
  15. (countable, obsolete) Personal appearance.

Usage notes

Character is sometimes used interchangeably with reputation, but the two words have different meanings; character describes the distinctive qualities of an individual or group while reputation describes the opinions held by others regarding an individual or group. Character is internal and authentic, while reputation is external and perceived.


Derived terms

Related terms

Pages starting with “character”.



character (third-person singular simple present characters, present participle charactering, simple past and past participle charactered)

  1. (obsolete) To write (using characters); to describe.

See also

  • codepoint
  • font
  • glyph
  • letter
  • symbol
  • rune
  • pictogram



From the Ancient Greek ???????? (kharakt?r).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /k?a?rak.ter/, [k?ä??äkt??r]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ka?rak.ter/, [k????kt??r]


character m (genitive charact?ris); third declension

  1. branding iron
  2. brand (made by a branding iron)
  3. characteristic, mark, character, style


Third-declension noun.


  • Hungarian: karakter
  • Galician: caritel; ? carácter
  • Irish: carachtar
  • Italian: carattere
  • Old French: caractere
    • ? English: character
    • French: caractère
  • Polish: charakter
    • ? Russian: ????????? (xarákter)
  • Portuguese: caractere, carácter
  • Sicilian: caràttiri
  • Spanish: carácter


  • character in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • character in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • character in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700?[1], pre-publication website, 2005-2016



character m (plural characteres)

  1. Obsolete spelling of caráter (used in Portugal until September 1911 and died out in Brazil during the 1920s).

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