different between sad vs heavy

sad

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English sad, from Old English sæd (sated, full), from Proto-Germanic *sadaz (sated, satisfied), from Proto-Indo-European *seh?- (to satiate, satisfy).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sæd/
  • Rhymes: -æd

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder or more sad, superlative saddest or most sad)

  1. (heading) Emotionally negative.
    1. Feeling sorrow; sorrowful, mournful.
    2. Appearing sorrowful.
    3. Causing sorrow; lamentable.
      • 1911, G. K. Chesterton, The Ballad of the White Horse
        The Great Gaels of Ireland are the men that God made mad, / For all their wars are merry and all their songs are sad.
    4. Poor in quality, bad; shameful, deplorable; later, regrettable, poor.
    5. Of colours: dark, deep; later, sombre, dull.
      • 1679, Izaak Walton, The Life of Bishop Robert Sanderson
        sad-coloured clothes
      • Woad, or wade, is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of many colours, especially all sad colours.
  2. (obsolete) Sated, having had one's fill; satisfied, weary.
  3. (obsolete) Steadfast, valiant.
  4. (obsolete) Dignified, serious, grave.
    • 1509, Sebastian Brant, Alexander Barclay (translator), The Ship of Fools,
      Therfore it nedeth that better prouysion.
      Were founde for youthe by sad and wyse counsayle
  5. (obsolete) Naughty; troublesome; wicked.
    • 1860, Isaac Taylor, Ultimate Civilization
      Sad tipsy fellows, both of them.
  6. (slang) Unfashionable; socially inadequate or undesirable.
  7. (dialect) Soggy (to refer to pastries).
  8. (obsolete) Heavy; weighty; ponderous; close; hard.
    • Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad.
Synonyms
  • (feeling mentally uncomfortable): discomforted, distressed, uncomfortable, unhappy
  • (low in spirits): depressed, down in the dumps, glum, melancholy
  • (moving, full of feeling): poignant, touching
  • (causing sorrow): lamentable
  • (poor in quality): pitiful, sorry
  • See also Thesaurus:sad
  • See also Thesaurus:lamentable
Antonyms
  • happy
  • cheerful
  • gleeful, upbeat
  • decent
Derived terms
  • sadness
  • sadder
  • saddest
  • sadboi
  • sad sack
  • sadfishing
  • unsad
Related terms
  • sadden
Translations
Further reading
  • sad in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • sad in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.

Verb

sad (third-person singular simple present sads, present participle sadding, simple past and past participle sadded)

  1. (transitive, archaic) To make melancholy; to sadden or grieve (someone).
    • 16??, John Webster, Appius and Virginia
      My father's wondrous pensive, and withal / With a suppress'd rage left his house displeas'd, / And so in post is hurried to the camp: / It sads me much; to expel which melancholy, / I have sent for company.

Etymology 2

Noun

sad (plural sads)

  1. Alternative form of saad (Arabic letter)

Anagrams

  • ADS, ADs, ASD, AdS, Ads, DA's, DAS, DAs, DSA, SDA, ads, das

Cebuano

Pronunciation

  • Hyphenation: sad

Adverb

sad

  1. (focus) also; too
  2. (after a negative) either

Czech

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sad?.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [?sat]

Noun

sad m

  1. orchard

Declension

Derived terms

  • sada? m
  • sadový

Further reading

  • sad in P?íru?ní slovník jazyka ?eského, 1935–1957
  • sad in Slovník spisovného jazyka ?eského, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish

Verb

sad

  1. past tense of sidde

Gothic

Romanization

sad

  1. Romanization of ????????????

Livonian

Alternative forms

  • (Courland) sa'd

Etymology

From Proto-Finnic *sadek.

Noun

sad

  1. precipitation (hail, rain, snow)

Lower Sorbian

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sad? (plant, garden). Cognate with Upper Sorbian sad, Polish sad (orchard), Czech sad (orchard), Russian ??? (sad, orchard, garden), Old Church Slavonic ???? (sad?, plant, garden).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [sat]

Noun

sad m

  1. fruit (food)

Declension


Old Saxon

Etymology

From Proto-Germanic *sadaz, from Proto-Indo-European *seh?- (to satiate, satisfy).

Adjective

sad (comparative sadoro, superlative sadost)

  1. full, sated, satiated
  2. weary

Declension


Descendants

  • Middle Low German sat

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sad?.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sat/

Noun

sad m inan (diminutive sadek)

  1. orchard

Declension

Related terms

  • (noun) sadownik
  • (adjective) sadowy

Related terms

  • (verb) sadzi?

Further reading

  • sad in Wielki s?ownik j?zyka polskiego, Instytut J?zyka Polskiego PAN
  • sad in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Scots

Etymology

From Old English sæd.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /s?d/

Adjective

sad (comparative sadder, superlative saddest)

  1. grave, serious
  2. strange, remarkable
  3. sad

Serbo-Croatian

Etymology 1

From Proto-Slavic *s?da, *s?goda.

Alternative forms

  • s?da

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâd/

Adverb

s?d (Cyrillic spelling ????)

  1. now
  2. currently
  3. presently

Etymology 2

From Proto-Slavic *saditi (to plant). Compare Serbo-Croatian saditi and Russian ??? (sad)

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sâ?d/

Noun

s?d m (Cyrillic spelling ????)

  1. plant nursery, plantation, orchard (specialized facility rather than a home garden)
  2. a seeding or sapling from a plant nursery
Declension

References

  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezi?ni portal
  • “sad” in Hrvatski jezi?ni portal

Slovak

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *sad?.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sad/, [sat]

Noun

sad m (genitive singular sadu, nominative plural sady, genitive plural sadov, declension pattern of dub)

  1. garden, orchard, plantation

Declension

Derived terms

  • sadový
  • sadík

References

  • sad in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /sá?t/

Noun

s?d m inan

  1. fruit

Inflection

Further reading

  • sad”, in Slovarji Inštituta za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, portal Fran

Wakhi

Etymology

Compare Tajik ??? (sad).

Numeral

sad

  1. hundred

sad From the web:

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heavy

English

Etymology 1

From Middle English hevy, hevi?, from Old English hefi?, hefe?, hæfi? (heavy; important, grave, severe, serious; oppressive, grievous; slow, dull), from Proto-West Germanic *hab?g (heavy, hefty, weighty), from Proto-Germanic *hab?gaz (heavy, hefty, weighty), from Proto-Indo-European *keh?p- (to take, grasp, hold), equivalent to heave +? -y.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: hev?i
  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /?h?.vi/
  • (General Australian, General New Zealand) IPA(key): /?he.vi/
  • Rhymes: -?vi

Adjective

heavy (comparative heavier, superlative heaviest)

  1. (of a physical object) Having great weight.
  2. (of a topic) Serious, somber.
  3. Not easy to bear; burdensome; oppressive.
    • The hand of the Lord was heavy upon them of Ashdod.
    • 1814, William Wordsworth, The Excursion
      Sent hither by my Husband to impart the heavy news.
  4. (Britain, slang, dated) Good.
  5. (dated, late 1960s, 1970s, US) Profound.
  6. (of a rate of flow) High, great.
    • 1998, Stanley George Clayton, ""Menstruation" in Encyclopedia Britannica
      The ovarian response to gonadotropic hormones may be erratic at first, so that irregular or heavy bleeding sometimes occurs
  7. (slang) Armed.
  8. (music) Louder, more distorted.
  9. (of weather) Hot and humid.
  10. (of a person) Doing the specified activity more intensely than most other people.
  11. (of food) High in fat or protein; difficult to digest.
  12. Of great force, power, or intensity; deep or intense.
    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter IV
      The surf was not heavy, and there was no undertow, so we made shore easily, effecting an equally easy landing.
  13. Laden to a great extent.
  14. Laden with that which is weighty; encumbered; burdened; bowed down, either with an actual burden, or with grief, pain, disappointment, etc.
    • 1613, William Browne, Britannia's Pastorals
      Seating himselfe within a darkesome cave, / (Such places heavy Saturnists doe crave,) / Where yet the gladsome day was never seene []
  15. Slow; sluggish; inactive; or lifeless, dull, inanimate, stupid.
    • a heavy, dull, degenerate mind
    • Neither [is] his ear heavy, that it cannot hear.
  16. Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey.
    a heavy road; a heavy soil
  17. Not raised or leavened.
  18. (of wines or spirits) Having much body or strength.
  19. (obsolete) With child; pregnant.
  20. (physics) Containing one or more isotopes that are heavier than the normal one.
  21. (petroleum) Having high viscosity.
Synonyms
  • sweer/swear
Antonyms
  • light
Derived terms

Pages starting with “heavy”.

Related terms
  • heave
  • heft
Translations

Adverb

heavy (comparative more heavy, superlative most heavy)

  1. In a heavy manner; weightily; heavily; gravely.
    heavy laden with their sins
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) To a great degree; greatly.
  3. (India, colloquial) very
Derived terms
  • hang heavy
  • heavy-laden

Noun

heavy (plural heavies or heavys)

  1. A villain or bad guy; the one responsible for evil or aggressive acts.
    With his wrinkled, uneven face, the actor always seemed to play the heavy in films.
  2. (slang) A doorman, bouncer or bodyguard.
    A fight started outside the bar but the heavies came out and stopped it.
  3. (journalism, slang, chiefly in the plural) A newspaper of the quality press.
    • 1973, Allen Hutt, The changing newspaper (page 151)
      The comment may be offered here that the 'heavies' have been the Design Award's principal scorers, both in the overall bronze plaque days and, since, in the Daily/Sunday Class 1.
    • 2006, Richard Keeble, The Newspapers Handbook
      Reviewers in the heavies aim to impress with the depth of their knowledge and appreciation.
  4. (Should we move, merge or split(+) this sense?) (aviation) A large multi-engined aircraft. (The term heavy normally follows the call-sign when used by air traffic controllers.)
Derived terms
  • brain heavy
  • dog heavy
Translations

Verb

heavy (third-person singular simple present heavies, present participle heavying, simple past and past participle heavied)

  1. (often with "up") To make heavier. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  2. To sadden. (Can we add an example for this sense?)
  3. (Australia, New Zealand, informal) To use power or wealth to exert influence on, e.g., governments or corporations; to pressure.
    The union was well known for the methods it used to heavy many businesses.
    • 1985, Australian House of Representatives, House of Representatives Weekly Hansard, Issue 11, Part 1, page 1570,
      [] the Prime Minister sought to evade the simple fact that he heavied Mr Reid to get rid of Dr Armstrong.
    • 2001, Finola Moorhead, Darkness More Visible, Spinifex Press, Australia, page 557,
      But he is on the wrong horse, heavying me. My phone?s tapped. Well, he won?t find anything.
    • 2005, David Clune, Ken Turner (editors), The Premiers of New South Wales, 1856-2005, Volume 3: 1901-2005, page 421,
      But the next two days of the Conference also produced some very visible lobbying for the succession and apparent heavying of contenders like Brereton, Anderson and Mulock - much of it caught on television.

Etymology 2

heave +? -y

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /?hi?vi/

Adjective

heavy (comparative more heavy, superlative most heavy)

  1. Having the heaves.
    a heavy horse

See also

  • heavy cake

References

  • heavy at OneLook Dictionary Search

Anagrams

  • Havey, Yahve

German

Etymology

From English heavy.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /?h?vi/

Adjective

heavy (not comparable)

  1. (predicative, colloquial, probably slightly dated) heavy; intense; serious; shocking (extraordinary, especially in a bad way)
    Synonyms: heftig, krass, nicht ohne, ein starkes Stück

Spanish

Etymology

From English heavy (metal).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /?xebi/, [?xe.??i]

Adjective

heavy (plural heavys)

  1. heavy (pertaining to heavy metal)
  2. heavy (intense)

heavy From the web:

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  • what heavy whipping cream used for
  • what heavy metals are associated with tailings
  • what heavy metals are in the body
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