different between muscle vs sarcolemma

muscle

English

Etymology

From Middle English muscle, muscule, muskylle, and in part from Middle French muscle, from Latin m?sculus (a muscle, literally little mouse) because of the mouselike appearance of some muscles, from m?s (mouse). Doublet of mussel. More at mouse.

Pronunciation

  • enPR: m??s?l, IPA(key): /?m?.s?l/, IPA(key): /?m?.sl?/
  • Rhymes: -?s?l
  • Homophone: mussel

Noun

muscle (countable and uncountable, plural muscles)

  1. (uncountable) A contractile form of tissue which animals use to effect movement.
    Muscle consists largely of actin and myosin filaments.
    Synonym: thew
  2. (countable) An organ composed of muscle tissue.
    • His brow and hair and the palms of his hands were wet, and there was a kind of nervous contraction of his muscles. They seemed to ripple and string tense.
    • You, Boxer, the very day that those great muscles of yours lose their power, Jones will sell you to the knacker []
  3. (uncountable, usually in the plural) A well-developed physique, in which the muscles are enlarged from exercise.
    • 2008, Lou Schuler, "Foreward", in Nate Green, Built for Show, page xii
      The fact that I was middle-aged, bald, married, and raising girls instead of chasing them didn't really bother me. Muscles are cool at any age.
  4. (uncountable, figuratively) Strength, force.
    • 2010, Adam Quinn, US Foreign Policy in Context, page 81
      The lesson to be drawn from the events of 1914, to Roosevelt's mind, was that civilization needed muscle to defend it, not just solemn words.
    • 2013, John D. MacDonald, The Long Lavender Look, page 15
      It was going to take muscle to pluck Miss Agnes out of the canal.
  5. (uncountable, figuratively) Hired strongmen or bodyguards.
    • 1985 — Lance Parkin, The Infinity Doctors, p 34
      It was easy enough to dodge him, let him crash into the floorboards. Peltroc knew that his priority was the leader, not the hired muscle.

Derived terms

Translations

See also

  • myology
  • myotomy

Verb

muscle (third-person singular simple present muscles, present participle muscling, simple past and past participle muscled)

  1. To use force to make progress, especially physical force.
    He muscled his way through the crowd.
    • 1988, Steve Holman, "Christian Conquers Columbus", Ironman 47 (6): 28-34.
      Hensel and Wilson hit a series of leg shots simultaneously as Christian muscles between them with Quinn right on his heels.

Derived terms

  • outmuscle

Translations

Related terms

  • mouse

Anagrams

  • clumse

Catalan

Etymology

From Latin musculus, doublet of múscul (muscle) and musclo (mussel).

Pronunciation

  • (Balearic, Central) IPA(key): /?mus.kl?/
  • (Valencian) IPA(key): /?mus.kle/

Noun

muscle m (plural muscles)

  1. shoulder
    Synonym: espatlla

Further reading

  • “muscle” in Diccionari de la llengua catalana, segona edició, Institut d’Estudis Catalans.
  • “muscle” in Gran Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana, Grup Enciclopèdia Catalana.
  • “muscle” in Diccionari normatiu valencià, Acadèmia Valenciana de la Llengua.
  • “muscle” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

French

Etymology

From Middle French muscle, a borrowing from Latin m?sculus (a muscle, literally little mouse). See also the inherited doublet moule (mussel, clam).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /myskl/

Noun

muscle m (plural muscles)

  1. muscle (contractile tissue, strength)

Verb

muscle

  1. first-person singular present indicative of muscler
  2. third-person singular present indicative of muscler
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of muscler
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of muscler
  5. second-person singular imperative of muscler

Further reading

  • “muscle” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

Middle French

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin musculus.

Noun

muscle m (plural muscles)

  1. (anatomy) muscle

Descendants

  • French: muscle

Norman

Etymology

Borrowed from Latin m?sculus (a muscle, literally little mouse), from Ancient Greek ??? (mûs, mouse, muscle, mussel).

Noun

muscle m (plural muscles)

  1. (anatomy) muscle

Occitan

Etymology

From Latin m?sculus.

Noun

muscle m (plural muscles)

  1. muscle
  2. mussel

Further reading

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, ?ISBN, page 667.

muscle From the web:

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sarcolemma

English

Etymology

From sarco- +? lemma.

Noun

sarcolemma (plural sarcolemmas or sarcolemmata)

  1. (anatomy) A thin cell membrane that surrounds a striated muscle fibre.

Derived terms

  • sarcolemmal

Translations

sarcolemma From the web:

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  • sarcolemma meaning
  • what is sarcolemma in biology
  • what is sarcolemma and sarcoplasm
  • what is sarcolemma in physical education
  • what is sarcolemma in muscle
  • what is sarcolemma quizlet
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