different between hyim vs hyem




Cognate with Northumbrian English hyem, from Old English h?m. See also hame.


  • IPA(key): /ç?m/, /hj?m/


hyim (plural hyims)

  1. (South Scots) home
    A hink A'm ga'i be gan hyim sin.

Usage notes

Usage generally restricted to western Roxburghshire.

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Alternative forms

  • heyem (Northern English dialect)
  • hjem (Geordie)
  • yem (Geordie)


From Old English h?m, from Proto-West Germanic *haim, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz. Cognate with German Heim, Swedish hem, Dutch heem, heim- and West Frisian hiem. Note that this pronunciation is not derived from Old Norse, as is sometimes assumed on the basis of Danish and Norwegian hjem - the pronunciation in Geordie is directly derivable from the Old English form by regular rules. Compare traditional [stj?n] 'stone' from st?n. It can also be found in some other northern dialects like Yorkshire.


hyem (not comparable)

  1. (Northumbria) home
    • [19th c.] 1993, Ned Corvan, “Yer Gannin to be a Keelman,” in Visions of the People, Patrick Joyce [1]
      Ye’ll be comin’ hyem at neets, with yor fyece all ower black,
      And ye’ll lie an snore aside the fire, and never gis yor crack, [...]
    • 1848, Sinks of London Laid Open [2]
      “He had just come in,” he said, “to see if his mate was come hyem yet; but as he had not, he thought he could guess right weel where he wad be, and wad just step o’er to Brown’s (the gin-shop) and see.”
    • 1985, David Wright tr. Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales [3]
      And so Aah’s cum, and also brought Alan,
      To grind wor corn, and bring it hyem again;
      Aah begs ye de the job fast as ye can.

Related terms

  • home (Standard English)
  • hyim (South Scots)


  • Frank Graham (1987) The New Geordie Dictionary, ?ISBN
  • Newcastle 1970s, Scott Dobson and Dick Irwin, [4]
  • Todd's Geordie Words and Phrases, George Todd, Newcastle, 1977[5]
  • Northumberland Words, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4

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