different between factory vs faction




From factor +? -y. Compare Middle French factorie; Italian fattoria, Spanish factoría, Portuguese feitoria, Dutch factorij.


  • (Received Pronunciation, General American) IPA(key): /?fækt??i/, /?fækt?i/
  • (UK)


factory (plural factories)

  1. (chiefly Scotland, now rare) The position or state of being a factor. [from 16th c.]
  2. (now historical) A trading establishment, especially set up by merchants working in a foreign country. [from 16th c.]
    • 1792, James Boswell, in Danziger & Brady (eds.), Boswell: The Great Biographer (Journals 1789–1795), Yale 1989, p. 184:
      We had here his curate, Mr. Furley, who had been nine years chaplain to the English factory at St. Petersburg [] .
  3. A building or other place where manufacturing takes place. [from 17th c.]
    Synonym: manufactory
  4. (Britain, slang) A police station. [from 19th c.]
    • 2010, Harry Keeble, Kris Hollington, Crack House
      The guys all knew each other and we were having a jolly old chinwag as we marched them out of the house in front of their stunned neighbours and into a van we had called to take them all to the Factory (police station).
  5. A device which produces or manufactures something.
  6. A factory farm.
    chicken factory; pig factory
  7. (programming) In a computer program or library, a function, method, etc. which creates an object.
    • 2010, Sayed Ibrahim Hashimi, William Bartholomew, Inside the Microsoft Build Engine
      The task factory [] is the object that is responsible for creating instances of those tasks dynamically.

Derived terms

Related terms


  • Tok Pisin: faktori
  • Welsh: ffatri


Further reading

  • factory in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • factory in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.


factory (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial, of a configuration, part, etc.) Having come from the factory in the state it is currently in; original, stock.

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  • IPA(key): /?fæk.??n/, /?fæk.?n?/
  • Rhymes: -æk??n

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Middle French faction, from Latin facti? (a group of people acting together, a political faction), noun of process from perfect passive participle factus, from faci? (do, make). Doublet of fashion.


faction (countable and uncountable, plural factions)

  1. (countable) A group of people, especially within a political organization, which expresses a shared belief or opinion different from people who are not part of the group.
  2. (uncountable) Strife; discord.
    • 1805, Johann Georg Cleminius, Englisches Lesebuch für Kaufleute, pg. 188:
      Publick [sic] affairs soon fell into the utmost confusion, and in this state of faction and perplexity, the island continued, until its re-capture by the French in 1779.
    • 2001, Odd Magne Bakke, "Concord and Peace": A Rhetorical Analysis of the First Letter of Clement With an Emphasis on the Language of Unity and Sedition, publ. Mohr Siebeck, ?ISBN, pg. 89:
      He asks the audience if they believe that they will be more loved by the gods if the city is in a state of faction than if they govern the city with good order and concord.
Derived terms
  • factional
  • factionalize
Related terms

See also

  • splinter group

Etymology 2

Blend of fact +? fiction.


faction (uncountable)

  1. A form of literature, film etc., that treats real people or events as if they were fiction; a mix of fact and fiction
Derived terms
  • science faction
Related terms
  • fact
  • fiction
See also
  • Non-fiction novel on Wikipedia.Wikipedia



Borrowed from Latin facti?, facti?nem. Compare façon, which is inherited rather than borrowed.


  • IPA(key): /fak.sj??/


faction f (plural factions)

  1. act of keeping watch
  2. a watchman
  3. (politics) a faction; specifically one which causes trouble

Further reading

  • “faction” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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