different between fact vs faction




From Latin factum (a deed, act, exploit; in Medieval Latin also state, condition, circumstance), neuter of factus (done or made), perfect passive participle of faci? (do, make). Doublet of feat.


  • IPA(key): /fækt/
  • Rhymes: -ækt


fact (countable and uncountable, plural facts)

  1. Something actual as opposed to invented.
  2. Something which is real.
    Gravity is a fact, not a theory.
  3. Something concrete used as a basis for further interpretation.
  4. An objective consensus on a fundamental reality that has been agreed upon by a substantial number of experts.
  5. Information about a particular subject, especially actual conditions and/or circumstances.
  6. (databases) An individual value or measurement at the lowest level of granularity in a data warehouse.
  7. (archaic) Action; the realm of action.
  8. (law, obsolete except in set phrases) A wrongful or criminal deed.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, III.ix:
      She was empassiond at that piteous act, / With zelous enuy of Greekes cruell fact, / Against that nation [...].
  9. (obsolete) A feat or meritorious deed.


  • (Something actual): fiction

Derived terms

Related terms


See also

  • value
  • opinion
  • belief


  • fact at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • fact in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.
  • fact in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911.
  • "Conway: 'Alternative Facts'" Merriam-Webster's Trend Watch Merriam-Webster. 2017.



  1. Used before making a statement to introduce it as a trustworthy one.


  • acft

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  • IPA(key): /?fæk.??n/, /?fæk.?n?/
  • Rhymes: -æk??n

Etymology 1

Borrowed from Middle French faction, from Latin facti? (a group of people acting together, a political faction), noun of process from perfect passive participle factus, from faci? (do, make). Doublet of fashion.


faction (countable and uncountable, plural factions)

  1. (countable) A group of people, especially within a political organization, which expresses a shared belief or opinion different from people who are not part of the group.
  2. (uncountable) Strife; discord.
    • 1805, Johann Georg Cleminius, Englisches Lesebuch für Kaufleute, pg. 188:
      Publick [sic] affairs soon fell into the utmost confusion, and in this state of faction and perplexity, the island continued, until its re-capture by the French in 1779.
    • 2001, Odd Magne Bakke, "Concord and Peace": A Rhetorical Analysis of the First Letter of Clement With an Emphasis on the Language of Unity and Sedition, publ. Mohr Siebeck, ?ISBN, pg. 89:
      He asks the audience if they believe that they will be more loved by the gods if the city is in a state of faction than if they govern the city with good order and concord.
Derived terms
  • factional
  • factionalize
Related terms

See also

  • splinter group

Etymology 2

Blend of fact +? fiction.


faction (uncountable)

  1. A form of literature, film etc., that treats real people or events as if they were fiction; a mix of fact and fiction
Derived terms
  • science faction
Related terms
  • fact
  • fiction
See also
  • Non-fiction novel on Wikipedia.Wikipedia



Borrowed from Latin facti?, facti?nem. Compare façon, which is inherited rather than borrowed.


  • IPA(key): /fak.sj??/


faction f (plural factions)

  1. act of keeping watch
  2. a watchman
  3. (politics) a faction; specifically one which causes trouble

Further reading

  • “faction” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).

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