different between county vs constituency




From Middle English countee, counte, conte, from Anglo-Norman counté, Old French conté (French comté), from Latin comit?tus (jurisdiction of a count), from comes (count, earl). Cognate with Spanish condado (county). Doublet of comitatus, borrowed directly from Latin.


  • (General American, Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /?ka?nti/
  • Rhymes: -a?nti


county (countable and uncountable, plural counties)

  1. (historical) The land ruled by a count or a countess.
  2. An administrative region of various countries, including Bhutan, Canada, China, Croatia, Ireland, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Romania, South Korea, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and 48 of the 50 United States (excluding Alaska and Louisiana).
  3. A definitive geographic region, without direct administrative functions.
    traditional county
  4. (US, slang, uncountable) A jail operated by a county government.

Usage notes

  • In US usage, counties are almost always designated as such, with the word "County" capitalized and following the name — e.g., "Lewis County", rarely "Lewis", and never "County Lewis".
  • In British and Irish usage, counties are referenced without designation — e.g. "Kent" and never "Kent County". Exceptions are; Durham, which is often "County Durham" (but never "Durham County"); and the counties of Ireland. An organisation such as Kent County Council is the "County Council" of "Kent" and not the "Council" of "Kent County".
  • In Canadian usage, counties are typically designated as such, with the word "County" capitalized and usually preceding the name — e.g., "the County of Two Hills". Occasionally, "County" follows the name, as in "Sturgeon County".

Derived terms

Related terms

  • count


  • ? German: County


See also

  • shire


county (comparative more county, superlative most county)

  1. Characteristic of a ‘county family’; representative of the gentry or aristocracy of a county.
    • 1979, John Le Carré, Smiley's People, Folio Society 2010, p. 274:
      She was a tall girl and county, with Hilary's walk: she seemed to topple even when she sat.

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constituent +? -ency


constituency (plural constituencies)

  1. (politics) A district represented by one or more elected officials.
    Synonyms: electoral district, precinct, (Canada) riding
  2. (collective) The voters within such a district.
    Synonym: electorate
  3. (collective) The residents of such a district.
  4. (collective) The voters of a candidate.
  5. An interest group or fan base.


  • functional constituency (Hong Kong, Macau)
  • group representation constituency (Singapore)

Related terms


Further reading

  • constituency on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Constituency in the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th edition, 1911)

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